Category Archives: Buildings

Things You Didn’t Know About The Kaaba

The Kaaba or Ka’aba is a cuboid building at the center of Islam’s most sacred mosque, Al-Masjid al-Haram, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. It is the most sacred site in Islam. It is considered the “House of God”. The sanctuary around the Kaaba is called Al-Masjid al-Haram.



  • It’s not supposed to be a cube shape

The Kaaba was never meant to be a cube. The original dimensions of The House included the semi-circular area known as the Hijr Ismail.

When the Kaaba was rebuilt just a few years before the Prophet received his first revelation, the Quraish agreed to only use income from pure sources to complete the rebuild. There was not enough untainted money in this very wealthy trading city to rebuild the Kaaba to its original size and shape.
They settled for a smaller version of the Kaaba and put a mud brick wall to indicate the original dimensions. Towards the end of his life, the Prophet intended to rebuild the Kaaba on its original foundations but passed away before he could fulfill his wish.

  • The Black Stone is broken

Most people agree that it was most damaged in the middle ages by an extreme heretical Ismaili group from Bahrain called the Qarmatians who had declared that the Hajj was an act of superstition. They decided to make their point by killing tens of thousands of hujjaj and dumping their bodies in the well of Zamzam.

As if this act of treachery was not enough, these devils took the Black Stone to the East of Arabia and then Kufa in Iraq where they held it ransom until they were forced to return it by the Abassid Caliph. When they returned it, it was in pieces and the only way to keep them together was by encasing them in a silver casing. Some historians narrate that there are still some missing pieces of the stone floating around.

  • There are two Kaabas

Directly above the Kaaba in heaven is an exact replica. This Kaaba was mentioned in the Qur’an and by the Prophet.

  • You used to be able to swim around it

One of the problems with having the Kaaba situated at the bottom of a valley is that when it rains. This was not an uncommon occurrence in Mecca and the cause of a lot of trouble before the days of flood control systems and sewage. For days on end the Kaaba would be half submerged in water.

The Acropolis

The Acropolis is not a single building but a number of temples build on a hill overlooking Athens. The buildings that survive today are the Parthenon built between, 447 – 438 BC; the Propylaea constructed around 437 BC; The Temple of Athena Nike between 427 BC and 423 BC; and the Erechtheum which was begun in 421 BC, although work ceased between 414 BC and 409 BC, and was completed in 407 BC.

The Acropolis is entered via the Western Approach by the stairway leading to the Propylaea which was built as a gateway. Just across from the Propylaea is the temple of Athena Nike: the goddess of victory. Like the Propylaea, the temple of Athena Nike was restricted by the space available. The temple was used as a treasury where people would deposit their money for safe keeping. One of the strangest Greek temples in design is the Erechtheum as it does not follow the normal rules of Greek temple design. The temple was dedicated to Poseidon and it too was built on two levels due to the uneven land. It has two porches one of which is famous for the Caryatids. At the center of the temple during ancient times a lamp was continually kept burning.



The largest and most important building on the Acropolis is the Parthenon. It was the temple built for Athena Parthenos, the patron goddess of the city. The basic rectangular plan was surrounded by a colonnaded portico of columns on all four sides. It has 8 columns along the front and 15 on each side, 17 counting the corner ones. Each column had a number of stone drums, in the case of the Parthenon there were 11, and each drum is aligned with wood dowels placed in central holes to line them up. The building was richly decorated with sculptures – many of which were removed in 1802 by Lord Elgin and are now in the British Museum.

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One of the most famous commercial software applications for 2D and 3D computer-aided design (CAD) and drafting is the AutoCAD. It is the most ubiquitous CAD program worldwide and used across a wide range of industries, by architects, project managers, engineers, graphic designers, and other professionals. This software is developed and marketed by Autodesk, Inc. and was first released in December 1982 as a desktop application. Presently, it is supported by 750 available training centers worldwide. It mainly runs on microcomputers with internal graphics controllers. Before the introduction of AutoCAD, most commercial CAD programs ran on mainframe computers or minicomputers, with each CAD operator working at a separate graphics terminal.


Currently, there are three variants available for the AutoCAD: the AutoCAD LT, AutoCAD 360, and a student version. The AutoCAD LT is the lower cost version of AutoCAD with reduced capabilities. It was first released in November 1993. This version is simply an entry-level CAD package to compete in the lower price level, thus it lacks several features: it lacks the ability to create, visualize, and render 3D models as well as 3D printing; it cannot be used on multiple machines over a network; it doesn’t support customization with LISP, ARX, and VBA; but it has management and automation capabilities with Sheet Set Manager and Action Recorder; and CAD standards management tools. The second variant is AutoCAD 360. This is an account-based mobile and web application that enables registered users to view, edit, and share AutoCAD files via their smart phones and computer or laptop that uses a cloud-stored drawing files. The amount of storage, tools, and online access to drawings vary depending on your plan, it can be free, Pro plan worth $49.99 yearly, or Pro Plus worth $99.99 yearly. Its new feature is the ‘Smart Pen’ mode and being able to link to third-party cloud-based storage. You can also use the application with Firefox and Google Chrome. For the student version, it is free for qualifying students and teachers with an 18-month renewable license available. In this software, its functionality is identical to the full commercial version, except for the internal bit-flag set or the ‘educational flag’ in the DWG files created or edited. The output includes a plot stamp/banner on all four sides, which cannot be used for commercial use. With the help of the internet, we can now download all types of files, such as documents, music, videos, movies, and even the AutoCAD file. Downloading large files will definitely take a while, but with the help of premium link generators, you will have access to link generator with quality files and at the same time, not waste too much time downloading.

World’s Most Beautiful Buildings

  • Institute for Sound and Vision, Hilversum, Netherlands


The Institute for Sound and Vision collects and provides access to over 70% of the Dutch audio-visual heritage. The collection of more than 750,000 hours of television, radio, music and film that began in 1898 and continues to grow daily makes Sound and Vision one of the largest audiovisual archives in Europe.

Sound and Vision is the business archive of the national broadcasting corporations, a cultural heritage institute and also a museum for its visitors.

  • Sagrada Família, Barcelona


It is a large Roman Catholic church in Barcelona, Catalonia designed by Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí.

The basilica has a long history of dividing the citizens of Barcelona.

  • The Golden Temple, Amritsar, India


It is considered the holiest Sikh gurdwara located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab, India. The Harmandir Sahib, also known as the Golden Temple, was designed by the fifth guru, Guru Arjan, who had the cornerstone laid by the Muslim Sufi saint Sai Hazrat Mian Mir on 28 December 1588. Guru Arjan completed the Adi Granth, the holy scripture of Sikhism, in 1604 and installed it in the gurdwara.


  • The Guggenheim, Bilbao, Spain


This is a museum of modern and contemporary art, designed by Canadian-American architect Frank Gehry. The museum was inaugurated on October 18, 1997, by former King Juan Carlos I of Spain. Built alongside the Nervion River, which runs through the city of Bilbao to the Cantabrian Sea, it is one of several museums belonging to the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation and features permanent and visiting exhibits of works by Spanish and international artists.

  • Catherine Palace, Outside St. Petersburg, Russia


The residence originated in 1717, when Catherine I of Russia hired German architect Johann-Friedrich Braunstein to construct a summer palace for her pleasure.

  • Burj Al Arab, Dubai, UAE


It is a luxury hotel located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. It has been called “The world’s only 7 star Hotel” and is the fourth tallest hotel in the world. Burj Al Arab stands on an artificial island 280 m from Jumeirah beach and is connected to the mainland by a private curving bridge. The shape of the structure is designed to mimic the sail of a ship. It has a helipad near the roof at a height of 210 m above ground.